Aviation Continuing Education
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The ACE, SafetyPro™ Training Center provides high quality, timely training. Our courses meet Federal Aviation Administration, Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the Environmental Protection Agency standards. The SafetyPro™, LinePro™, EcoPro™ and MaintenancePro™ series are the most comprehensive aviation ground safety training programs available. With over 100 courses in our library, and growing quarterly, the aviation industry can train personnel to Federal and insurance standards at one location.
Effective September 28, 2012 the A/C 150-5230-4B went into effect. The now named LinePro™ Fuel Safety Supervisor and LinePro™ Line Fuel Service courses are fully compliant with the revised Advisory Circular.
What our Students are Saying
Thank you, the course was very easy to navigate and user-friendly.
Marc Christian, ARFF Training Officer, Nashville Metro Airport
I was very impressed with the training your company provided, and the ease in which it was accomplished. I have become more knowledgeable regarding the FAA rules and regulations regarding fire safety within our industry.
Jim Hanway, Trainer/Supervisor, Midlantic Jet Aviation Inc.
The online Fuel Safety Supervisor Course was a quick and flexible way to receive pertinent information about fuel safety and handling. I enjoyed the format of this course. Its layout was effective and I was able to quickly access information from any of the past lessons. The course is also programmed to ask if you wanted to resume where you left off or start from the beginning of the lesson again if you quit in the middle of it. This course was easily adapted into my dynamic work day. I highly recommend this course.
Jessica Groff, Airport Manager, Michigan City Municipal Airport, (See more testimonials)
OSHA's General Industry Digest spells out summary of OSHA standards (Download Below)
OSHA's General Industry Digest summarizes safety and health standards to help employers, supervisors, workers, health and safety committee members, and safety and health personnel learn about OSHA standards in the workplace. The digest contains summaries of OSHA standards that are frequently cited or cover particular hazardous situations in general industry and construction. The General Industry Digest includes updated information on revisions to General Industry standards since the digest was last published in 2001.
ACE SafetyPro™ Enrollment Form
ACE System Introduction (How to create accounts, enroll in courses and navigate the eLearning system)
This 10 minute program provides an overview of the ACE online learning system. It covers account creation, general site information, security issues, home page features, categories and courses, remittance procedures, player operation, site navigation, quizzes and assessments and how and when certificates are issued.
This course meets the training requirements as set forth by 14 CFR 139.321 and AC 150/5230-4B. It is designed as the "Train the Trainer" program. Each supervisor is required to train all others who handle hazardous materials at airports on the subjects contained in the course prior to assuming hazardous duties and every 24 consecutive calendar months thereafter. Certificates are issued via email PDF document and are available on the site as well. Certificates are issued when all the course criteria are met such as, proper Course Manual and Local Fire Code Verification Form download to hard drive, time in course, quiz scores, completion of all lessons and successful completion of the final assessment.
Should supervisors not have the time for continuous training of personnel, our Line Fuel Service Training program meets the requirements of 14 CFR 139.321(e)(2). Please contact our Help Desk with academic or technical questions. We offer group rates on five or more students.
This online course meeting the requirements of 14 CFR 139.321. This standard requires that all persons handling hazardous materials at Part 139 Airports be trained in a manner acceptable to the FAA Administrator PRIOR to assuming hazardous duties. The FAA mandates that line service personnel be trained in the same subject matter found in the supervisor course. With the ACE Line Fuel Service course you can assured that your staff will be trained to the national standard. It is a self paced program which you can start and stop at anytime.
This 2 hour course is designed for the aircraft owner/operator who desires to fuel their own aircraft at airports requiring fuel safety training for those who handle hazardous materials. It is a significantly shortened version of our 16 hour FAA approved Supervisory Fuel Safety and Inspection Course designed for professional fuel handlers. It is a self paced program and should take approximately 1-2 hours.
This 10 minute program is the demonstration of our 16 hour 18 lesson Fuel Safety Supervisor course meeting 14 CFR 139.321 (e)(1) training requirements.
This course will cover the sources of fuel contamination, filtration, storage facilities fuel quality testing procedures and operational procedures. It is intended to provide fuel handlers with the knowledge to effectively receive, store, test and dispense aviation fuel in accordance with industry standards. It is a self paced program consisting of six chapters and a final assessment to gauge the retention of the information contained herein. It is a self paced program and will take approximately 3 hours to complete.
This course is approximately 1.5 hours long and meets the requirements of 14 CFR 139.329. In conjunction with on the job training and practical testing in accordance with your airports rules and regulations, it will provide you with the knowledge to perform safely in the dynamic airport environment. It is a self paced program that you can start and stop at anytime and begin where you left off when you restart. The Federal Registry requires airport specific training and ACE can customize this template to the look and feel of your airport. Airport operations personnel should contact ACE about the revenue producing possibilities of providing driver training online. Providing driver training online not only saves time and money for arport clients but frees up staff for oversight duties, like keeping a watchful eye on your AOA operations.
This nine lesson program provides the basic information that all aviation ramp employees should have before being assigned active ramp duties including general safety guielines, occupational safety and health, loading and unloading aircraft, fuel service operations, ground service equipment, hazardous materials and dangerous goods, empty aircraft, severe weather and caring for passengers. Additionally, those that drive on the airport must have Pedestrian and Ground Vehicles Training and be properly permitted to drive on airports.
This program is a grouping of courses that provide new and incumbent employees the basic safety training required by 14 CFR 139 and 29 CFR 1910 of the Federal Registry. The program includes, Introduction to OSHA, Ramp Operational Safety, Behavior Based Safety, Electrical Safety, Emergency Action Plans, Exits, Fire Extinguishers, Hazard Communication, Hearing Conservation, Heat Stress, Lifting Techniques, Personal Protective Equipment for Eye, Face, Head, Hand and Foot and Slips, Trips and Falls. It is designed to be used over a 12 month period with Ramp Operational safety as the core course. By providing your employees with the federally required training necessary for a safe working environment, accidents and injuries are reduced or eliminated, productivity and morale are increased and you may well receive significant reductions in insurance premiums. Many times these saving more than pay for the cost of training.
This demonstration lesson is approximately 9 minutes in length and encompasses parts of Lesson 1 of our 9 Lesson program.
This demonstration course is approximately 45 minutes long to provide you with the depth that all our courses entail. It is a self paced program that you can start and stop at anytime and begin where you left off when you restart.
This courses is authored by George S. Gamble, PE of 2G Environmental, LLC, of Marietta, GA. Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasures (SPCC) Training is required under 40 CFR 112. This training is required during initial employment training. Annual refreshers are also required under the law. This program is available for unlimited use for a 365 day period. You will be notified 30 days prior to being unenrolled. Simply enroll in the course again, pay the annual fee and begin training. Many times the course will be updated to remain current with national standards and laws.
This course meets the Environmental Protection Agency's requirements of 40 CFR 122 and is authored by George S. Gamble, PE of 2G Environmental, LLC, of Marietta, GA. Storm Water Pollution Prevention (SWPP) Training is required under 40 CFR 122. This training is required during initial employment training. Annual refreshers are also required under the law. This program is available for unlimited use for a 365 day period. You will be notified 30 days prior to being unenrolled. Simply enroll in the course again, pay the annual fee and begin training. Many times the course will be updated to remain current with national standards and laws.
The results of studies published in the New England Journal of Medicine examined the effectiveness of AED programs in different settings. One study documented a 38 percent effectiveness rate in lifesaving among 148 people who suffered cardiac arrest in casinos. The other study documented a 17 percent AED effectiveness rate in lifesaving when available on 627,956 American Airline flights with trained flight attendants.
AEDs cost about $3,000 plus maintenance costs, primarily for batteries, of about $150 per year. A study in Circulation found that untrained sixth graders following automated voice prompts performed almost as well in use of AEDs as well-trained emergency medical technicians or paramedics. Nevertheless, for organizations that commit to AED use, there is also an incremental cost of training personnel for proper use of this technology.
In an editorial in the New England Journal of Medicine, Dr. Marie Robertson noted that only two to five percent of the 225,000 persons who have sudden and unexpected cardiac arrest each year outside a hospital are successfully resuscitated compared to the 17 to 38 percent success rates found with AEDs. AEDs in the workplace might prove to be a very cost-effective intervention.
Toxic and hazardous air contaminants can be introduced into the workplace when toxic and hazardous chemicals are handled, processed, or used. Some air contaminants are created as by-products of a process. OSHA has set limits on how much of certain air contaminants employees can be exposed to while they work.
This training outline will familiarize you with several types of air contaminants, the various types of exposure limits outlined in OSHA's standard, and ways that employers can meet the standard's requirements.
Behavior-based safety is a proactive approach to safety and health management, but there is more to it than that. People really do care about their own health and safety. Safety is really a process, and that means it’s continuous. To reduce work-related injuries, and continue to reduce them, thinking and doing safety must become a way of life. Safety should be involved in daily activities consistent with the vision of a Total Safety Culture. Behavior-based safety recognizes unsafe or at-risk behaviors as a frequent cause of both minor and serious injuries. Most people believe that if a training or intervention process attempts to change behavior, the approach is behavior-based safety; however, there are distinguishing elements between behavior-based and other approaches. The aim of the behavior-based approach is to reduce the occurrence of at-risk behavior by modifying such behaviors through observation, feedback, and positive interventions. Ultimately, safer work habits will evolve.
We’re all familiar with the threats posed by diseases such as AIDS and Hepatitis B that are transmitted through blood and other potentially infectious materials. This training course will look at these threats to your well-being while on the job. . This course meets the training requirements of 29 CFR 1910.1030. Rendering first aid is a life–giving thing to do, and trying to help is a natural human response. However, if you don’t protect yourself, you risk exposing yourself to these harmful and sometimes deadly pathogens found in blood or other bodily fluids. To protect yourself, follow the first aid and Bloodborne Pathogens program set up by your company . We will cover the general requirements for responding to exposures to Bloodborne Pathogens in this course. First aid responders and similar emergency response workers will need to receive additional training.
While every employee needs to know about the threats posed by diseases such as AIDS and hepatitis B that are transmitted through blood and other potentially infectious materials, you are here today because those threats to your well-being while on the job are greater due to your additional duties. Rendering first aid is a life-giving thing to do and trying to help is a natural human response. However, even when providing knowledgeable first aid, if you don't protect yourself, you risk exposing yourself to these harmful and sometimes deadly diseases from blood or other bodily fluids from an injury. To protect yourself, follow the first aid and bloodborne pathogens program we have set up. This training is in addition to the general requirements for responding to exposures to bloodborne pathogens.
Millions of workers are potentially exposed to chemical hazards each year. The nearly 600,000 existing chemical products pose serious problems for exposed workers and their employers.
Chemical exposure may cause or contribute to many serious health effects such as heart ailments, kidney and lung damage, sterility, cancer, burns, and rashes. Some chemicals may also be safety hazards and have the potential to cause fires, explosions, and other serious accidents.
Providing protection from chemical hazards is a challenging task because of the range of hazards and operations in which they are used. Potential hazards arising from chemical exposure may occur during:
* Production operations involving hazardous chemicals.
* Hazardous substance site survey.
* Spill mitigation.
* Emergency monitoring.
Protecting workers from chemical hazards primarily occurs through engineering and administrative controls, before personal protective equipment (PPE) is considered. This outline, however, focuses on the training you need to provide workers who must wear PPE to protect themselves from hazardous chemicals on the job.
Employers should recognize that vehicle crashes occur during the workday, and they are a leading cause of workplace fatalities. Whether crashes occur when employees drive fleet vehicles or during employees’ daily commutes, these incidents have a significant impact on the workplace. OSHA recommends that employers design an effective workplace driver safety program to reduce the risks.
Compressed gases are used in every aspect of our lives. They used to keep our food cold, to anesthetize us for surgery, to provide oxygen to emphysema patients, to grill our food, to manufacture products, and to heat rooms. Compressed gases can be very safe, but if you do not handle, store, or use them properly, they can be deadly. This training session discusses what a compressed gas is, what a cryogenic liquid is, how to handle and store a compressed gas, and what are the hazards of both compressed gases and cryogenic liquids.
Each year, millions of workers enter confined spaces to perform regular maintenance activities and unexpected repairs without being closely monitored by attendants. So why do some confined spaces require attendants and others do not? If a confined space meets OSHA's permit requirements, employers must have practices and procedures in place to ensure employee safety, including designated people who have active roles in entry operations.
Entering confined spaces to perform regular maintenance activities and unexpected repairs can be risky, especially if employees do not fully understand the threat of airborne hazards that they cannot see, smell, or feel. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) reports that about 63 occupational fatalities per year in the United States are caused by improper confined space entries. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) reports that over 60 percent of the fatalities were would-be rescuers and estimates that 85 percent of deaths and injuries in confined spaces could be prevented, if industry would fully implement sound confined space entry permit programs. So why do some confined spaces require a permit and others do not? If a confined space meets OSHA's permit requirements, employers must have practices and procedures in place to ensure employee safety, including designated people who have active roles in entry operations
Performing regular maintenance activities and unexpected repairs in permit-required confined spaces can quickly become life or death situations for many authorized entrants. Therefore, it is critical that employers have practices and procedures in place to ensure employee safety, including designated people who have active roles in entry operations.
Entry supervisors play a key role in the entry process since they are responsible for:
· Determining if acceptable entry conditions are present at a permit space where entry is planned;
· Authorizing entry and overseeing entry operations; and
· Terminating entry if hazardous conditions develop.
According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), about 63 occupational fatalities per year in the United States are caused by improper confined space entries. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) reports that over 60 percent of the fatalities were would-be rescuers and estimates that 85 percent of deaths and injuries in confined spaces could be prevented, if industry would fully implement sound confined space entry permit programs.
Preparing for unexpected situations that may arise in permit-required confined spaces requires an employer to select a rescue team that is trained, equipped, and available to respond to emergencies in a timely manner. Whether an employer is using an in-house rescue and emergency team or an outside service, it is critical that rescuers have the knowledge, training, and equipment necessary to help endangered authorized entrants escape the enclosed environmental of a confined space with unnecessarily endanger themselves.
To assist rescuers in preparing for the particular situations they may face in a confined space emergency, employers must inform them of the hazards that may be encountered during rescue operations. Employers must also provide access to the confined spaces for rescue plan development and drill purposes.
According to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), about 63 occupational fatalities per year in the United States are caused by improper confined space entries. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) reports that over 60 percent of the fatalities were would-be rescuers and estimates that 85 percent of deaths and injuries in confined spaces could be prevented, if industry would fully implement sound confined space entry permit programs.
Cranes move materials and products through facilities, on construction sites, and other types of operations. Examples of cranes are gantry, overhead, crawler locomotive, and derricks. Safe use of a crane depends on several factors: Site evaluation, Operator training, Selection of the proper equipment for the job, Inspection of the crane, Good maintenance, Operators should be trained in the operation, limitations, and emergency procedures for the cranes they operate. They should understand the load ratings and how to lift loads properly. Selection of the proper equipment is a factor in operating cranes safely. The crane should be designed for the operation that it is to be used in. Review the manufacturer's specifications and recommendations to determine if a crane or derrick can be used in a particular application.
After a disastrous incident, employees may be injured, buildings may be damaged, records and equipment may be lost, and normal business operations are interrupted or stopped altogether. Successful disaster recovery requires good planning. That is why organizations assess how possible disaster situations could affect operations and prepare and implement a comprehensive disaster recovery plan. The plan has the goal of minimizing the effects of the incident by safely resuming normal operations as quickly as possible. Employees should be aware of how the plan will be used to protect them and others during disaster recovery operations. Employees may be asked to participate in reviews and exercises so that they and their co-workers know what to do during a disaster recovery operation.
Electricity is an integral part of our lives both at home and in the work place. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that up to 7% of all workplace fatalities each year can be attributed to contact with electric current. You can avoid becoming a statistic by using safe work practices while working on or near de-energized electrical parts. Workers who do work on or near de-energized electrical parts require training on how equipment is de-energized and locked /tagged out, how to safely work on or near de-energized parts, and what safeguards to use. This training session covers the safe work practices to be used while working on or near de-energized electrical parts.
Electricity is an integral part of our lives both at home and in the work place. In 1994, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that 346 deaths were attributed to contact with electric current. You can avoid becoming a statistic by using safe work practices while working on or near energized electrical parts. Workers who do work on or near energized electrical parts require traning on how to de- energize equipment and lock /tag it out, how to safely work on or near energized exposed parts, and what safeguards to use. This training session covers the safe work practices to be used while working on or near energized exposed electrical parts.
At the heart of safety is good planning. That is why our company has an emergency action plan in place. You should be aware of certain procedures to protect yourself and others from injury during fire and other emergencies. This company conducts regular emergency drills so that you and your co-workers know what to do and where to proceed during an emergency. You should be familiar with:
* How to report fires, hazardous chemical spills, and other emergencies.
* The route you are assigned to take during a building evacuation.
* Who to ask for more information.
Ergonomics involves the arrangement of the work environment to fit the person. The use of ergonomic principles on the job helps to reduce stress and eliminate many potential injuries and disorders associated with overuse of muscles, bad posture, and repetitive motions. In the workplace, ergonomics is the science of equipment design and work area layout intended to reduce worker fatigue and body stress. Making the "job fit the worker" by identifying job risk factors and correcting them improves productivity and reduces worker musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and lower back injuries. This training session provides information on workplace risk factors, proper procedures for performing the required job, and the illnesses and injuries that can occur.
All buildings that are designed for human occupancy must have a way of allowing occupants fast exit to the outside or a safe place of refuge in case of an emergency. These exit routes can be hallways, corridors, balconies, ramps, stairs, or lobbies. The designated paths of exit must be arranged and maintained to provide a free and unobstructed means to exit all parts of the building at all times. Employers must also ensure that these paths are accessible to occupants who have impaired mobility. This training topic deals with a subject that has been familiar to all of us since our early childhood days. In school, or elsewhere, a sight so familiar that we hardly take note of it, is represented by the "Exit" sign. We see them in stores, factories, theaters, office buildings, hotels, apartment buildings, practically everywhere. Yet we rarely notice them until we look for them. Compliance with OSHA's exit routes requirements ensures that when people need to have a safe and efficient means of leaving a building in an emergency, the exit route will be there and they will have minimal problems finding and using it.
Note: The following information is based on the OSHA standard found at 29 CFR 1910.109. Since this regulation was published, The Department of Transportation has changed its classification of explosives, so the two regulations are out of sync. According to OSHA's directive STD 1-5.12, pending final approval of changes to 1910.109, any violation of a requirement of 1910.109 which is inconsistent with regulations promulgated by the DOT or other regulatory agencies shall be considered de minimis, provided that the employer is in compliance with the relevant regulations of these other agencies. Please also check 49 CFR 172, for current DOT requirements.
Most workers in general industry spend their work hours walking on level surfaces such as office floors, hallways, or the floors of shops and factories. While slips, trips, and falls are still common among such workers, the likelihood of a major injury from such a fall is not great. However, many employees in general industry work on scaffolds, climb up and down ladders, walk on narrow stairs, work in areas where there may be holes in the floor, or work on elevated floors which have unprotected edges. These workers often need fall protection and training in how to use it. Currently, OSHA requires training in general industry relative to fall protection under powered platforms and electrical generation, transmission, and distribution (these regulations refer to Subpart M of 29 CFR 1926, which includes training requirements).
The best fire protection is fire prevention. But you need to know how to deal with an accidental fire as well as how to keep one from starting. Responding appropriately to a fire involves understanding what a fire is. Fire used to be something of a mystery, and legend claims it was given to man as a gift from the gods. Modern man has since discovered that fire results from the combination of things we encounter every day. This phenomenon may be represented by an equation.
Fire = Heat + Fuel + Oxygen
This equation is sometimes referred to as the "fire triangle" because it has three components. If you can take away one of these elements, then you can successfully put out a fire. This is the key to all fire fighting and how an extinguisher works, but before we discuss the portable fire extinguishing process, let's first look at the classes of fires that extinguishers were designed to put out.
In the United States, injuries (all types) may represent the single most important public health problem. Moreover, estimates of work related fatalities may exceed 10,000 workers per year, while work related disabling injuries number approximately 1.8 million. Approximately 35 million lost work days occur each year due to nonfatal injuries. The direct and indirect costs of occupational injuries is estimated to be 47 billion dollars per year. The outcome of occupational injuries depends not only on the severity of the injury, but also on the rendering of first-aid care. Prompt, properly administered first aid can mean the difference between life and death, rapid vs prolonged recovery, temporary vs permanent disability.
Not all employees will need training in handling and storing flammable liquids, but make sure that any employee involved in storage, transfer, use or disposal of flammable liquids is trained to handle them safely and to follow your company's established procedure. Improper handling of flammables brings a great risk of fire. During storage, proper venting in the right vessels is of primary concern. During transfer, employees must watch for spills. When a flammable is spilled, vapors begin to form immediately. The vapors are the fire hazard, rather than the liquid. They continue to build until the liquid is removed, requiring cleanup operations to begin at once. When using a flammable liquid, workers should make sure they have transferred the liquid to an approved container and that it is in manageable quantities at the workstation. In addition, if your company receives, stores, or handles flammable and combustible liquids in storage tanks in areas that have the potential to flood, you need to have employees trained on emergency response procedures. Specify your company's spill cleanup procedures and supplies. You may want to cover this topic in more detail later on.
The vast majority of general industry workers have level working surfaces to walk on (office floors, hallways, factory shop floors, etc.). While slips, trips, and falls are still common occurrences, the likelihood of a critical injury from these types of falls is not great. However, many general industry employees need to work in areas where there may be hazardous holes in the floor, openings in the walls, or open-sided platforms. Falls through these openings or holes and falls from open-sided floors, platforms, and runways can result in serious injury or death. OSHA's regulations for guarding floor and wall openings and holes concentrate on ways to protect employees from fall hazards. The rules specify situations that require protection and outline the safe design and construction specifications for railings, toeboards, and covers. This training topic will help to familiarize employees with these requirements.
Support and propulsion are the two functions of the foot. Our feet permit us to walk, stand, sit, and kneel. They bear our weight when we jump, run, or reach above our heads. The 26 bones in the foot are shaped in the form of an arch to provide a broad, strong support for the weight of the body. Because of how valuable our feet obviously are to us, we want to protect them from the hazards of the workplace. Every day hundreds of workers in the United States suffer disabling injuries to their feet and toes. Foot and toe injuries numbered 115,300 in 1994 according to 1996 Bureau of Labor Statistics figures. This number represents over five percent of all disabling injuries. The foot is especially vulnerable to injury. For example, it is possible to severely sprain your ankle simply by stepping off a curb! Yet many workers ignore the serious hazards in the workplace and refuse to wear protective footwear.
Tools are such a common part of our lives that it is difficult to remember that they may pose hazards. All tools are manufactured with safety in mind but, tragically, a serious accident often occurs before steps are taken to search out and avoid or eliminate tool related hazards. In the process of removing or avoiding the hazards, workers must learn to recognize the hazards associated with the different types of tools and the safety precautions necessary to prevent or control those hazards.
Bureau of Labor Statistics data indicate that 275,500 workers suffered injuries to the hands and fingers in 1994. That is, about 12 percent of work-related injuries is to hands or fingers. At work, the hands are exposed to three basic kinds of hazards:
* Mechanical hazards. These are present wherever machinery is used. Injuries resulting from machinery use might include cuts, punctures, abrasions, or crushing.
* Environmental hazards. Factors like extreme heat or cold, electricity and materials handling have the potential to injure your hands.
* Irritating substances. Skin conditions such as dermatitis can be caused by contact with chemicals and biological agents (bacteria, fungi, and viruses). Chemicals and toxic substances can also enter the bloodstream through abrasions or cuts.
Note: A fourth type of hazard, ergonomic hazards, which are musculoskeletal in nature (e.g., carpal tunnel syndrome) can be caused by repetitive motions over a period of time (e.g., typing every day for months or years). This type of hazard is not easily addressed by personal protective equipment and is not addressed here.
The following information on personal protective equipment for the hands will help reduce these injuries.
About 32 million workers are potentially exposed to one or more chemical hazards. There are an estimated 575,000 existing chemical products, and hundreds of new ones being introduced each year. Exposure to chemicals poses a serious problem for many workers. Chemical exposure may cause or contribute to many serious health effects such as heart ailments, kidney and lung damage, sterility, cancer, burns, and rashes. Some chemicals may also be safety hazards and have the potential to cause fires and explosions and other serious accidents. Because of the seriousness of these problems, and because many people know little or nothing about them, Congress passed The Right-To-Know law. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) subsequently developed the Hazard Communication standard to establish uniform requirements for informing employees about hazards related to workplace chemicals. The Hazard Communication standard (29 CFR 1910.1200) ensures that the hazards of all chemicals produced are evaluated, and that information concerning these hazards is transmitted to employers and employees. Under the provisions of this standard each employee exposed to hazardous chemicals must receive information about those chemicals through a comprehensive hazard communication program which includes identification of chemical hazards, chemical labeling, and material safety data sheets in the training program.
As you know, hazard communication training primarily explains and reinforces information already provided through hazard warning labels and material safety data sheets (MSDSs). Labels and MSDSs will only be successful when workers understand the hazard information and know what to do to avoid or minimize chemical exposure and any adverse effects.
Facility personnel must successfully complete a program of classroom instruction or on-the-job training that teaches them to perform their duties in a way that ensures the facility's compliance with the training requirements. The owner or operator must ensure that this program includes all the elements described 40 CFR 265.16 or 40 CFR 264.16. This program must be directed by a person trained in hazardous waste management procedures, and must include instruction which teaches facility personnel hazardous waste management procedures (including contingency plan implementation) relevant to the positions in which they are employed. Facility personnel must successfully complete the program within six months after the date of their employment or assignment to a facility, or to a new position at a facility, whichever is later. A review of the initial training must be conducted annually.
The Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) standard covers the following operations, unless it can be demonstrated that the operation does not involve employee exposure or the reasonable possibility for employee exposure to safety or health hazards: *Clean-up operations required by a governmental body, whether Federal, state, local or other involving hazardous substances that are conducted at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. *Corrective actions involving cleanup operations at sites covered by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA). *Voluntary, clean-up operations at sites recognized by Federal, state, local, or other governmental bodies as uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. *Operations involving hazardous wastes that are conducted at treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facilities. *Emergency response operations for release of, or substantial threats of releases of, hazardous substances without regard to the location of the hazard. Training makes workers aware of the potential hazards they may encounter and provides the necessary knowledge and skills to perform their work with minimal risk to their safety and health.
The Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) standard covers the following operations, unless it can be demonstrated that the operation does not involve employee exposure or the reasonable possibility for employee exposure to safety or health hazards:1. Clean-up operations required by a governmental body, whether Federal, state, local or other involving hazardous substances that are conducted at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. 2. Corrective actions involving cleanup operations at sites covered by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA).3. Voluntary, clean-up operations at sites recognized by Federal, state, local, or other governmental bodies as uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.4. Operations involving hazardous wastes that are conducted at treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facilities. 5. Emergency response operations for release of, or substantial threats of releases of, hazardous substances without regard to the location of the hazard. Training makes workers aware of the potential hazards they may encounter and provides the necessary knowledge and skills to perform their work with minimal risk to their safety and health. Supervisors and managers must be trained to recognize hazards and to prevent them; to select, care for and use respirators properly as well as other types of personal protective equipment; to understand engineering controls and their use; to use proper decontamination procedures; to understand the emergency response plan, medical surveillance requirements, confined space entry procedures, spill containment program, and any appropriate work practices.
The Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) standard covers the following operations, unless it can be demonstrated that the operation does not involve employee exposure or the reasonable possibility for employee exposure to safety or health hazards: 1. Clean-up operations required by a governmental body, whether Federal, state, local or other involving hazardous substances that are conducted at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. 2. Corrective actions involving cleanup operations at sites covered by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA). 3. Voluntary, clean-up operations at sites recognized by Federal, state, local, or other governmental bodies as uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.4. Operations involving hazardous wastes that are conducted at treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facilities. 5. Emergency response operations for release of, or substantial threats of releases of, hazardous substances without regard to the location of the hazard.
The Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) standard covers the following operations, unless it can be demonstrated that the operation does not involve employee exposure or the reasonable possibility for employee exposure to safety or health hazards: 1. Clean-up operations required by a governmental body, whether Federal, state, local or other involving hazardous substances that are conducted at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites. 2. Corrective actions involving cleanup operations at sites covered by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA).3. Voluntary, clean-up operations at sites recognized by Federal, state, local, or other governmental bodies as uncontrolled hazardous waste sites.4. Operations involving hazardous wastes that are conducted at treatment, storage, and disposal (TSD) facilities. 5. Emergency response operations for release of, or substantial threats of releases of, hazardous substances without regard to the location of the hazard. Treatment, storage, and disposal operations treat hazardous waste to make it less hazardous or nonhazardous. Storage facilities hold hazardous waste for a temporary period, at the end of which the waste is treated, disposed, or stored elsewhere. Disposal facilities are areas where solid waste may be discharged, deposited, injected, dumped, spilled, leaked, or placed onto land or water where it may enter the environment or be emitted into the air discharged into any waters, including ground waters. Trainers must be qualified to instruct employees about the subject matter that is being presented in training. They are required to have satisfactorily completed a training program for teaching the subjects they are expected to teach. Or, they must have the academic credentials and instructional experience necessary to teach the subjects. Instructors must demonstrate competent instructional skills and knowledge of the applicable subject matter. The initial training for new employees exposed to health hazards or hazardous substances at TSD facilities must be 24 hours. Refresher training must be for eight hours annually. The training must be incorporated into the employer's safety and health program.
Each year there are thousands of head injuries that could have been prevented. Injuries range from major concussion to death, minor abrasions to trauma, or even electrocution. OSHA has developed regulations governing the use of hard hats which can be found at 29 CFR 1910.135. In addition, consensus standards for head protection are found in ANSI Z89.1 - Protective Headwear for Industrial Workers. ANSI Standard Z89.1-1969 (which is incorporated by reference in 1910.135) places hard hats into three classes: A, B, and C. ANSI Z89.1-1969 also specifies two types of hard hats: 1 (full brim) and 2 (no brim). In 1997, ANSI released ANSI Z89.1-1997. This standard revised the types and classes of hard hats. You may find these new designations when you purchase new hard hats. Under ANSI Z89.1-1997, type 1 helmets reduce the force of impact resulting from a blow only to the top of the head, and type 2 helmets reduce the force of impact resulting from a blow which may be received off center or to the top of the head. In addition, the classes for hard hats under ANSI Z89.1-1997 are: G (General), E (Electrical), and C (Conductive). Helmets for employees exposed to high voltage electrical shock and burns must meet the requirements found in ANSI, Z89.2-1971.
Noise, or unwanted sound, is a pervasive occupational health problem. It is a by-product of many industrial processes. Sound consists of pressure changes in a medium (usually air), caused by vibration or turbulence. These pressure changes produce waves emanating away from the turbulent or vibrating source. Sound pressure level is a logarithmic measure of the magnitude or intensity of the pressure change; it is perceived as loudness. Sound pressure level is expressed in decibels, abbreviated dB. Because of the logarithmic scale used to measure sound pressure or noise, a small increase in decibels represents a large increase in sound energy. Technically, each increase of 3 dB represents a doubling of sound energy; an increase of 10 dB represents a tenfold increase, and a 20 dB increase represents a 100-fold increase in sound energy. (For purposes of 29 CFR 1910.95, however, a doubling rate of approximately 5 dB is used. That is, a 5 dB increase in level is permitted each time the exposure duration is decreased by half.) The frequency of a sound is the number of times that a complete cycle of compressions and rarefactions occurs in a second. The descriptor, which used to be "cycles per second," is now hertz (Hz). Frequency is perceived as pitch. Most everyday sounds contain a mixture of frequencies generated by a variety of sources. A sound's frequency composition is referred to as the spectrum.
Hot environments can be found in any climate during any time of the year. In addition to people who work outdoors, people who work in foundries, glass or ceramic plants, laundries, mines, bakeries, etc. are exposed to high heat on a regular basis. Heat has effects on how the body functions. Overexposure to heat can cause: fatigue, heat rash, fainting, muscle cramps, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. According to the National Weather Service, about 175 Americans die from overexposure to summer heat each year. Some people are more susceptible to the effects of heat. Before you conduct training, you will want to assess the heat hazards in your workplace. This includes monitoring the environment and evaluating the employees' work loads.
More than 90 million Americans spend their days on the job. They are our most valuable national resource. Yet, until 1970, no uniform and comprehensive provisions existed for their protection against workplace safety and health hazards. In 1970, Congress considered annual figures such as these: * Job-related accidents accounted for more than 14,000 worker deaths; * Nearly 21/2 million workers were disabled; * Ten times as many person-days were lost from job-related disabilities as from strikes; and * Estimated new cases of occupational diseases totaled 300,000. In terms of lost production and wages, medical expenses and disability compensation, the burden on the nation's commerce was staggering. Human cost was beyond calculation. Therefore, the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSH Act) of 1970 was passed by a bipartisan Congress "...to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the Nation safe and healthful working conditions and to preserve our human resources." This training session will look at what OSHA is, why it was created, what areas it covers, and what protections it provides the worker.
Ionizing radiation includes alpha rays, beta rays, gamma rays, X-rays, neutrons, high-speed electrons, high-speed protons, and other atomic particles. However, it does not include sound or radio waves, visible light, or infrared or ultraviolet light (these forms of radiation are called nonionizing radiation). A wide variety of occupations have potential exposure to ionizing radiation, from aircraft workers to x-ray technicians.
As an employee in a laboratory situation, you usually know the proper methods to work with different categories of chemicals, but do you always know the health and physical hazards of the chemicals you work with? The purpose of this training session is to communicate the health and physical hazards of the chemicals you're exposed to. These chemicals can be the reagents you use in the reaction you carry out in the lab or the products you produce from these reactions. The training requirements of the laboratory standard include the requirements of the Hazard Communication standard. The training covers the following areas: - Hazards of the substances employees are exposed to (whether it is a reagent or a product in a reaction, or it is the classes of chemicals exposed to); The standard and its appendices; Location and availability of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and/or known references on safe handling, storage, and disposal of hazardous chemicals; Employer's Chemical Hygiene Plan and its availability and location; Exposure limits, either PEL (Permissible Exposure Limits from OSHA) or recommended exposure limits for hazardous chemicals without an OSHA standard; Methods and observations to determine present or release of a hazardous chemical; Engineering controls, work practices, and personal protective equipment; and Emergency procedures.
Although back problems are common sources of pain and disability, most of these problems are preventable through the use of proper lifting techniques. Back problems may not necessarily be connected with work. Some non-work-related factors that can contribute to back problems are posture and physical condition. In most cases, these factors can be corrected. There are a few simple rules for good posture. When sitting, your knees should be slightly higher than your hips and your shoulders and upper back should be straight. Don’t slouch—stand straight with your weight centered over your hips. When lying down or sleeping, keep your knees slightly bent or lie on your back. Sleeping on your stomach can result in a morning backache. Emphasize the benefits of good physical condition. Obviously, a well-toned body can take an unexpected stress or strain better than one suffering from a lack of exercise. But, when you need to lift on the job, you need to follow safe lifting techniques.
As employees who operate or use machines to which lockout/tagout are applied or work in an area where lockout/tagout is performed, you need understand the procedures involved in lockout/tagout, the reasons for lockout/tagout, and dangers involved when a lockout/tagout is interfered with. This training provides the reasons and proper procedures for lockout/tagout. The information covered in this session includes the steps in the lockout/tagout and the affected employee's part in the procedure. Also, you'll be provided information on the locks and tags that are used.
As employees who service and perform maintenance on the equipment in this facility, you need to know how to avoid the dangers involved when hazardous energy sources are not locked out and/or tagged out. You must know, understand, and perform lockout/tagout properly. This training provides the proper procedures for lockout/tagout. The information covered in this session includes the preparation for shutdown, shutdown, isolation, lock and tag application, release of stored energy, verification of energy isolation, performance of work, and termination of lockout/tagout.
After using a procedure for awhile we tend to sidestep or pass over steps. We think we know what what we're doing. We become complacent. We tend to ignore minor changes in processes or machinery without determining if they affect energy control procedures. To avoid this with energy control procedures, energy control programs should have an audit system to adhere to. This audit system detects changes in the equipment, processes, and employee's knowledge of procedures. These changes require refresher training for the employee. The refresher training includes the changes that may have occurred and reviews any procedures which employees have deviated from or do not understand completely.
Machine guards are an engineering control that protects workers from being exposed to hazards created by moving machine parts, and from any sparks, chips, splashes, etc. that are created during operation. Before you conduct training on machine guarding, you should become familiar with OSHA's regulations, the types of hazards created by machinery, the types of injuries that machinery can cause, how to evaluate the risk posed by your machines, the available techniques for safeguarding, and the importance of operating instructions and maintenance procedures. You may also want to complete a machine operation hazard assessment for your facility to ensure that all of your machine guards are adequate before you conduct the training.
All of us are familiar with the importance of first impressions, and few people are more impressionable than new employees. During their first day on the job, new employees are overloaded with a myriad of information about company rules, regulations, procedures, and benefits. There needs to be a proper emphasis on safety and health as well. The orientation period is the time to instill safe working habits that can ultimately prevent workplace injuries and illness.
Your job requires you to use a powered platform to perform maintenance work. As result, you are working at elevated levels, and a fall hazard exists. In order to reduce the risk of this hazard, you must understand the safe operation of the powered platform. Also, you must be able to perform an inspection on the platform you will be operating. Using fall protection is another method to reduce the fall hazard risks. In order to use fall protection, you must be trained in the proper use of the fall protection equipment. This training session covers information on the safe operation of powered platforms, inspection procedures, hazard recognition and prevention, emergency procedures, and the proper use of fall protection systems.
Employers who use contractors to perform work in and around processes that involve HHCs must do so without compromising the health and safety of the employees at a facility. All contractors must be knowledgeable of the hazards related to their job. This applies to contractors who perform maintenance or repair, major renovation, or specialty work on or around a process that is covered under the process safety management (PSM) standard. It does not apply to contractors who provide incidental services that do not affect process safety, such as janitorial work, food and drink services, laundry, or delivery services.
The major objective of process safety management (PSM) is to prevent unwanted releases of hazardous chemicals, especially into locations that could expose employees and others to serious hazards. Under the PSM standard, OSHA wants to eliminate having untrained workers in the workplace and wants to ensure that everyone who needs training receives it; therefore, you have a two-step process. First, all current employees who are involved in operating a process must receive training. Second, each new employee must be trained before operating a newly-assigned process. Employees must be trained who are involved in operating a process that involves: *A chemical at or above the specified threshold quantities, *Pressure vessels and storage tanks, *Piping systems (including components such as valves), *Relief and vent systems and their associated devices, *Emergency shutdown systems, *Controls, *Pumps, The training should emphasize specific safety and health hazards, procedures, emergency operations that include shutdowns, safe practices applicable to the employee's job tasks, and significant changes in the process.
The major objective of PSM is to prevent unwanted releases of hazardous chemicals, especially into locations that could expose employees and others to serious hazards. Under the PSM standard, OSHA wants to eliminate having untrained workers in the workplace and wants to ensure that everyone who needs training receives it.
Many times, after becoming familiar with a process, we tend to sidestep or pass over steps. We're sure that we know what we're doing, we become complacent, and we tend to ignore minor changes in processes. For this reason, employees who have completed PSM training programs must also receive refresher training. Refresher training ensures that the employee understands and adheres to the current operating procedures of the process. Refresher training also ensures that employees understand the basic principles of PSM.
29 CFR 1904 provides for recordkeeping and reporting by employers covered under the OSH Act as necessary or appropriate for:
Enforcement of the Act,
Developing information regarding the causes and prevention of occupational accidents and illnesses, and
Maintaining a program of collection, compilation, and analysis of occupational safety and health statistics.
The purpose of 29 CFR 1910.1020 is to provide employees and their designated representatives a right of access to relevant exposure and medical records; and to provide representatives of OSHA a right of access to these records in order to fulfill responsibilities under the OSH Act. Access by employees, their representatives, and OSHA is necessary to yield both direct and indirect improvements in the detection, treatment, and prevention of occupational disease.
OSHA's primary objective for respiratory protection is the prevention of atmospheric contamination. Accepted engineering control measures are to be used to accomplish this (for example, enclosure or confinement of the operation, general and local ventilation, and substitution of less toxic materials). When effective engineering controls are not feasible or sufficient, or while they are being instituted, OSHA requires that employees use appropriate respirators. When your employees need respirators to do their jobs, setting up an effective respirator safety program is essential. The respiratory protection regulation (29 CFR 1910.134) establishes uniform guidelines for protecting your workers when they must work in hazardous atmospheres.
Respiratory protection is required by several standards in Subpart Z of 1910 when exposures are above the Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL). This training topic can be used as part of the training session for these standards' respiratory protection requirements. Or, use this as a separate training session when respiratory protection is required to protect from the hazards of the air contaminants listed in 29 CFR 1910.1000. OSHA's respiratory protection regulation also includes provisions for respirator use that is not required by any OSHA standard. Employers have responsibilities when respirator use is voluntary or is a company requirement.
The Risk Management Plan applies to all facilities with processes that contain more than a threshold quantity of a regulated substance. Processes are divided into three categories based on the potential for offsite consequences associated with a worst-case scenario accidental release, accident history, or compliance with the prevention requirements under OSHA's Process Safety Management Standard. Refresher training shall be provided at least every three years, and more often if necessary, to each employee operating a process to ensure that the employee understands and adheres to the current operating procedures. The owner or operator, in consultation with the employees operating the process, shall determine the appropriate frequency of refresher training. The frequency in which you conduct refresher training can be based on several elements. For example, if the employees operating the processes have been employed at your facility for a period of time and know the procedures completely, refresher training may only need to be conducted every three years. However, if there is constant employee turnover, employees are hired at a young age or are inexperienced, then you may want to conduct refresher training more frequently. In addition, if any of your employees are working unsafely, you may want to consider refresher training as a tool to correct the problem. In lieu of initial training for those employees already involved in operating a process on June 20, 1999, an owner or operator may certify in writing that the employee has the required knowledge, skills, and abilities to safely carry out the duties and responsibilities as specified in the operating procedures. Adhering to this part of the regulation can be as simple as annotating on a form that your employees are trained and qualified in the operating procedures listed above. You must be sure that each employee involved in operating a process has received and understood the training.
OSHA has concluded that effective management of worker safety and health protection is a decisive factor in reducing the extent and severity of work-related injuries and illnesses. Effective management addresses all work-related hazards, including those potential hazards which could result from a change in worksite conditions or practices. It addresses hazards whether or not they are regulated by government standards. OSHA has evaluated many worksites in its enforcement program. These evaluations have revealed a basic relationship between effective management of worker safety and health protection and a low incidence and severity of employee injuries. Such management also correlates with the elimination or adequate control of employee exposure to toxic substances and other unhealthful conditions. There are many positive side effects from a strong safety and health program, not the least of which is improved employee morale and productivity, as well as a significant reduction of worker compensation costs and other less obvious costs of work-related injuries and illnesses. OSHA urges all employers to meet the safety and health management program guidelines in a manner which addresses the specific operations and conditions of their worksites.
Complete the Needs Assessment online. Based upon your answers an analysis will uncover the required and reccommenred training programs to meet federal regulations. A customized plan will be developed and the courses needed will be bundled into a corporate offering. Your staff can then manage the student enrollment, progress and documentation. Give us a call to start your assessment today.
Ideally the workplace would be hazard-free and safe from potential injuries and accidents. But many operations by their very nature involve a certain amount of risk which cannot be controlled through engineering measures. These situations require careful planning and prevention measures. As a result of this inherent risk, safety signs have been developed as one means of preventing workplace accidents and subsequent injury. Safety signs tell you about hazards and warn you to be careful. During this safety training session, we will cover conventions for sign color, symbols, and labeling so that you will understand the safety signs displayed on the job.
In the past, company security personnel were concerned with things like the theft of company equipment or computer hackers breaking through the company's firewall and planting computer viruses. While these types of crimes are still a concern, employers have new safety risks to deal with:
Having some fear is normal and helps people remain vigilant, but providing a secure workplace can reduce these types of risks.
Like many ongoing safety issues, there are no specific training duties under OSHA covering slips, trips, and falls although there are plentiful regulations governing the sources of many slips, trips, and falls (such as construction and maintenance of ladders, scaffolds, and walkways). This subject is also at the "crossroads" of a number of safety issues, including reporting hazards, good housekeeping in work areas, spill cleanup, personal protective equipment, and fall protection (including ladder and climbing issues), to name just a few. Try to tie in this training with these other issues, which for many topics you are already providing training.
Solvents are commonly used both in the workplace and at home. They are safe to use when you understand their hazards and know how to protect yourself. Solvents can: * Cause dizziness, nausea, and depression of the central nervous system. * Cause chronic illness such as cancer, liver disease, or nervous system disorders. * Be toxic. * Be flammable. One thing all solvents have in common is that they are used to dissolve some other substance. They can be used as cleaners, degreasers, or as ingredients in paints, coatings, or adhesives. Some examples of common solvents include acetone, alcohol, mineral spirits, and perchloroethylene.
Spray operations can present both physical and health hazards to those involved. One of the most frequent types of spray operations is spray painting, and spray booths are a common engineering control used to protect workers. Spray booths serve two main purposes: (1) to protect the health of the painter, and (2) to reduce fire and explosion hazards. Your company might have an enclosed structure where your spray finishing is done. This is a spray booth — a power-ventilated structure provided to enclose or accommodate a spraying operation to confine and limit the escape of spray, vapor, and residue, and to safely conduct or direct spray, vapor, and residue to an exhaust system. If your workers perform spray finishing using flammable and combustible liquids, there are several hazards of which to be aware. Due to the flammable and combustible nature of most spray finishing materials, no smoking or sparking tools are allowed. These could cause fire and explosion. The accumulation of paint vapors, mists, powders, and residues must be properly controlled. Respiratory protection must be provided if necessary. If your company has fixed extinguishing systems that use agents such as carbon dioxide in concentrations known to be hazardous to employee safety and health, your company must post warning signs.
As telecommunication workers, you are near energized electrical parts. You can be working on the installation, operation, maintenance, or removal of equipment, or you can be trimming trees and involved line clearance. You must understand the electrical hazards you are exposed to, and you must know how to avoid them. Telecommunication workers need to know and understand how to handle storage batteries, how to properly handle and store battery acid, what to do in an emergency, and what to wear for PPE. This training session presents these subjects as well as information on the equipment and tools used, general safety precautions, and confined spaces (for the underground lines).
Ventilation is defined as the process of supplying air to, or removing air from, any space by natural or mechanical means. General ventilation uses the movement of air within the general work space to displace or dilute contaminants with fresh outside air. General ventilation of the workplace also contributes to the comfort and efficiency of employees because working under extreme conditions of temperature and humidity may have an adverse effect on employee productivity and health. In the last several years, a growing body of scientific evidence has indicated that the air within our working environments can be more seriously polluted than the outdoor air, even in the largest and most industrialized cities. The levels of air pollution from individual sources may not pose a significant risk to health by themselves, but most working environments have more than one source that contributes to indoor air pollution. Fortunately, there are steps that you can take to both reduce the risk from existing sources of indoor air pollution, and to prevent new sources from occurring. There are two primary causes of indoor air quality problems: indoor sources of air pollution and improper ventilation of your facility. Indoor pollution sources release gases or particles into the air and are the primary cause of indoor air quality problems. Inadequate ventilation can also increase indoor pollutant levels by not bringing in sufficient outside air to dilute emissions from indoor sources, and by not carrying indoor air pollutants out of your facility. High temperature and humidity levels can also increase concentrations of some pollutants.
The vast majority of general industry workers have level working surfaces to walk on (office floors, hallways, factory shop floors, etc.). While slips, trips, and falls are still common occurrences, the likelihood of a critical injury from these types of falls is not great. However, many general industry employees need to work on scaffolds, climb ladders, use narrow stairs, work on elevated platforms, or work in areas where there may be holes in the floor. The slips, trips, and falls from these walking-working surfaces can result in serious injury or death. OSHA's walking-working surface regulations concentrate on the safe design, construction, and maintenance of all types of walking-working surfaces. This training topic will help to familiarize employees with these requirements.
Welding, cutting, and brazing are common procedures in most industries. There’s always something that needs to be repaired, constructed, or taken down. You might have a single portable welding unit to do an occasional spot welding task, or you may have large electric welders to use in daily production. Whenever welding, cutting or brazing occurs, everyone involved in the operation must take precautions to prevent fires, explosions, or personal injuries from exposure to toxic fumes. Even in metal cutting or repair jobs that are considered routine, workers should always follow established safety procedures and resist the temptation to take short–cuts. There are three basic types of welding operations:
* Oxygen–fuel gas welding joins metal parts by generating extremely high heat during combustion.
* Resistance welding joins metals by generating heat through resistance created to the flow of electric current.
* Arc welding joins or cuts metal parts by heat generated from an electric arc that extends between the welding electrode and the electrode placed on the equipment being welded.
This course is designed as initial training for personnel engaged in Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) Piloting and Observing. The content here should not be used if it violates local codes or ordinances designed for safe operations considering local conditions. The information contained herein should be used as a guide to safe and efficient UAS operations.
The DuBois Regional Airport operates under the authority of the Clearfield-Jefferson Counties Regional Airport Authority. Clearfield and Jefferson Counties has granted the Clearfield-Jefferson Counties Regional Airport Authority the authority to make operational decisions for the management and supervision of its airport affairs.
These Rules and Regulations may be amended, changed, or modified by the Clearfield-Jefferson Counties Regional Airport Authority as necessary.
This course applies to all users of, and persons on any portion of, the property owned or controlled by the Clearfield-Jefferson Counties Regional Airport Authority. No persons are exempt from airport operating training requirements for operating a vehicle on the airside of an airport. Tenants shall be responsible for the dissemination of, accessibility to, and compliance with these rules and regulations by their employees.